By Karen Darlow
Cottage garden plants provide romantic blooms, intoxicating scents and color in a soft, natural planting scheme. Choose the right combinations of cottage garden plants and successional planting schemes and they should provide interest to last the year round.
Cottage gardens should contain something to please everyone – so we have called on the advice of expert gardeners, to find out their favorite cottage garden plants and to sneak a few tips on how to get the most out of them.
What are the best plants for a cottage garden?
We asked gardening expert Jenny Williams for her favorite cottage garden plants. Along with her husband Tom, Jenny designed, planted and tends the garden at The Laundry in Wales. She documents the garden @thelaundrygarden. These are Jenny's top five cottage garden plants in bloom in spring/early summer.
Euphorbia epithymoides (cushion spurge)
Jenny says: 'this euphorbia (pictured above) brings and intense acid punch to the garden now and is not too big, it forms a lovely cushion and works well in repetition in a long border'.
Geranium phaeum var. phaeum 'Samobor'
'Such a great plant that sits well in most positions and next to many other plants too,' says Jenny. 'Cut it back after flowering for a repeat flower in the summer.'
Polygonatum x hybridum (Solomon's seal)
'A real joy in a shady position that brings a wonderful sight with its hanging white droplet flowers on a long arching stem,' says Jenny.
Dicentra formosa 'Bacchanal' Bleeding heart
'Of all the dicentras this has to be the most striking,' says Jenny, 'with its red flowers and delicate leaves. It prefers a woodland setting but is equally happy on the edge of a border where it can shine.'
Paeonia daurica subsp. mlokosewitschii '
The first peony to flower here in the Laundry Garden,' says Jenny. 'The delicate butter yellow flowers (pictured below) last for a week, and boy are they worth the wait! The beautiful leaves look good for months after.'
See: Cottage patio ideas – create a pretty spot for relaxing and entertaining
Monty Don's favorite cottage plants for height in borders
In a clip from Gardeners' World, TV's gardening guru Monty Don picked out his all-time favorite cottage garden plants to provide height in a border.
Verbascum 'Jackie' Mullein
This verbascum (pictured above) produces dramatic flower spikes and grows up to 3 or 4 feet tall. It grows well in poor soil, says Monty Don, and likes free draining stony, sandy or chalky conditions, so there's no need to add any compost to enrich the soil. The plants don't last long, but they do seed themselves in places where the conditions are right.
Hollyhock 'Halo Apricot'
A cottage garden classic which Monty Don says should thrive, provided you can protect it from rust. The best defences against that, he says, are 'good drainage, good airflow and plenty of sunshine'. Hollyhocks are biennials, meaning they set seed in autumn, producing bushy, leafy plants the following spring which will grow into the tall flower stems by summer. They will self seed prolifically.
Delphinium 'Magic Fountains Lavender'
A pale mauve variety of the popular cottage garden stalwart, which according to Monty Don are easy to grow, provided you protect the young shoots from slugs early in the year. He says they are true herbaceous perennials that will get bigger over time and last for some years, giving what he terms 'a tower of flower'. They need good soil, incorporating organic matter and support for the long flower spikes. And he advises cutting spent flower stems right down to the ground to encourage new blooms.
Cottage garden plants for summer color
Writing in her seasonal blog on her website, gardener and writer Sarah Raven lists her top cottage garden plants. The following provide plenty of summer color and lasting interest
Campanula lactifolia ‘Prichards Variety’
A very personal favorite here, for Sarah Raven, who says 'I was brought up on this plant. 'Prichards Variety' is a big, bushy bellflower for the back of a border.' She goes on to say it's excellent in 'large natural-looking flower arrangements'.
Also known as Granny’s bonnet, aquilegia is an unbeatable spring to early summer cottage garden filler. It will self seed and pop up elsewhere in the garden the following year. Look out for shades of pink, white, blue and deep purple.
Aster amellus ‘Veilchenkonigin’
Sarah Raven's choice of aster is, she says, 'an excellent, deep amethyst purple, with a very long flowering season. An invaluable plant for those of us who want to keep our garden full of color late in the year.'
Fragrant cottage garden plants
Fragrance is an essential part of any cottage garden scheme, Sarah Raven picks out the key players.
Dianthus ‘Mrs Sinkins’
The classic English garden pink, 'with the strongest scent which will fill a whole room – incredible,' she says.
A medium height white phlox (above), with vigorous growth and light green leaves. 'The phlox in the oast garden at Perch Hill fill the whole place with that extraordinary rich and delicious scent. I love their flowers, I love their colors and I love their perfume,' says Sarah Raven in her blog.
Roses Felicia, Rose de Rescht and Tuscany Superb
Of course, no cottage garden is complete without roses to provide fragrance and color. Sarah Raven recommends Felicia, Rose de Rescht (above), and Tuscany Superb for unbeatable scent in a sunny, well drained spot.
See: Rose garden ideas – for a colorful and sweetly scented outdoor space
The list of cottage garden plants chosen by our expert gardeners above is by no means exhaustive or definitive. There are many more that you might expect to see in a cottage garden scheme. Sweet peas, honeysuckle, lavender, stocks, dahlias, scabious, cat mint, cornflower, and many, many more are all equally deserving of their spot in the cottage garden.
The plant choice is personal, and dependant on the soil and growing conditions in the garden. However, use some of the suggestions above as a starting point and your cottage garden will start to take shape.
I'm the homes editor of Period Living magazine and an experienced writer on interiors and gardens. I've also moved house quite a few times – totting up 10 homes in 12 years during a particularly nomadic time in my life. I like to think that makes me quite the homes expert, or at least very experienced and with a clear idea of what I like and don't like in a home.
I love visiting and writing about old houses for Homes & Gardens' sister magazine Period Living and working with photographers to capture all kinds of historic properties. It's inspiring to talk to people about their traditional homes and to hear the stories behind their furnishing and decorating choices. And by the time I've finished an interview with a homeowner I've always got a handful of new ideas to try in my own house, as well as plenty of good stories for the magazine. It's the perfect work-life balance.
How to make a small living room look bigger
Learn our top tricks on how to make a living room look bigger
By Sophie Warren-Smith •
Living room lighting trends – 10 fashionable ways to light a lounge
Give your lounge a gorgeous glow with these on-point living room lighting trends from in-the-know experts
By Ruth Doherty •
How to prune wisteria – and the best time to do it
Learn how to prune wisteria for a healthier plant with maximum blooms
By Melanie Griffiths •
How to prune clematis – everything you need to know for beautiful blooms
Discover how to prune clematis to ensure a beautiful flush of blooms every year
By Holly Reaney •
How to prune azaleas – and when to leave them alone
Find out when and how to prune azaleas to enjoy the best from these colorful flowering shrubs
By Rachel Crow •
How to prune a lemon tree
Learn how to prune a lemon tree to maximize fruit production and keep the plant in good shape
By Melanie Griffiths •
How to prune basil – and the best time to do it
Find out how to prune basil plants the right way for healthy, bushy plants that last longer
By Rachel Crow •
How to prune raspberries
Learn how to prune summer and autumn fruiting raspberries to ensure a bumper crop
By Pippa Blenkinsop •
How to prune lilac
Discover how to prune lilac to keep it look great and flowering every year
By Holly Reaney •
How to prune an apple tree – and when to do it
Keep apple trees in great shape to improve your harvest. Find out how to prune an apple tree with advice from experts
By Karen Darlow •