Propagating plants yourself is a great way to save money and fill your yard with more flowers, for free. So if you've planted up containers, hanging baskets and borders with pansies and violas this season, why not expand your collection? It's simpler than you might expect.
Pansies are derived from violas, which is why they are so similar. Violas have smaller blooms and can be hardier against frosts, but otherwise, these plants tend to be treated in the same way. Growing pansies and violas in spring is a popular way to brighten up the garden, but some tougher varieties are perfect for winter color, too. They are easy to look after, provided you plant them in moist but well-draining soil and protect them from slugs.
For propagation, there are three main ways you could try: taking cuttings, sowing seeds, and dividing healthy, mature plants. John Negus, a gardening expert from Amateur Gardening magazine, explains how to do each.
John has been a garden journalist for over 50 years and regularly answers readers' questions in Amateur Gardening magazine. He has also written four books and has delivered many talks over the years on horticulture.
How to propagate pansies and violas by taking cuttings
A huge variety of plants can be propagated from cuttings, including pansies and violas.
Cuttings are best taken from new shoots in spring, John says. 'When the plants are in flower, the stems elongate, become hollow, and as a consequence don’t root very well. But new shoots root extremely easily.
'Cuttings should be 1-2in long,' he continues. Ideally, sever them just below a stem joint. Then, insert them to half their depth into well-draining seed and cutting compost (such as Miracle-Gro's Seed Starting Mix, available from Amazon). After watering them in, enclose the container in a clear plastic bag and put it on a warm, sunny windowsill or somewhere similar.
'If kept at a temperature of 59˚F, they should root in around 14 days and can be potted up individually once there are signs of new growth,' John says.
How to propagate pansies and violas by seed
Fancy your chances at growing flowers from seed? Avoid deadheading your pansies and violas, allowing them to form seedpods.
'Seeds should be available a few weeks after flowering stops,' says John. 'The seedpods are quite small and hard to spot, but they turn brown once they are mature. Seed is best sown fresh, and kept at a similar temperature to the cuttings. Seedlings should appear in a couple of weeks.'
Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged. As the seeds are very small, you will probably need to thin the seedlings out as they develop.
How to propagate pansies and violas by division
If you already have established violas or pansies, simply lift the clumps in early spring. Then, pull them apart into several pieces, before replanting each newly-created plant, John instructs.
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The garden was always a big part of Holly's life growing up, as was the surrounding New Forest where she lived. Her appreciation for the great outdoors has only grown since then; over the years, she's been an allotment keeper, a professional gardener, and a botanical illustrator. Having worked for Gardeningetc.com for two years, Holly now regularly writes about plants and outdoor living for Homes & Gardens.
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