How to propagate a prayer plant – to easily expand your houseplant collection

Propagating these tropical beauties only takes a few steps

prayer plant and orange backdrop
(Image credit: Ольга Симонова / iStock / Getty Images Plus / Getty Images)

Maranta leuconeura, or prayer plants, are well-loved for their stripy leaves. These fold up at night, similarly to hands in prayer – hence the common name. They make an interesting and easy-to-care-for addition to any interior scheme, and are simple to propagate, too.

Prayer plants are usually propagated by division, which is one of the quickest ways to make more indoor plants for free. So, if you've never tried propagating your plants before, prayer plants are a good one to start with. But, there are a few key factors to bear in mind to increase the chances of success.

prayer plant leaves

Prayer plants have eye-catching leaves

(Image credit: Maritxu22 / Alamy Stock Photo)

How to propagate a prayer plant in 5 steps

Dividing up plants is often the preferred method for propagating spider plants, too. It is simply the process of breaking an established plant into rooted portions, then replanting these separately.

Follow these steps below from gardening expert Tony O'Neill to propagate your prayer plant at home.

  1. Gently remove the mother plant from its pot and shake off the excess soil from the roots.
  2. Identify the clusters of stems with their own root systems. These are the sections you will divide.
  3. With a clean, sharp knife or garden shears, carefully separate the plant at the roots, ensuring each division has several healthy stems.
  4. Repot each division in a pot with fresh potting mix.
  5. Water the newly potted divisions and place them in a warm location with indirect sunlight.
Tony O'Neill
Tony O'Neill

As the author of multiple books – including Composting Masterclass, Your First Vegetable Garden, and Gardening With A Side Of Science – and the owner of, Tony has helped many gardeners become proficient in plant propagation. His teachings and guidance have reached over 370,000 YouTube subscribers and more than 1 million followers across other social platforms.

repotting a prayer plant

You can propagate your prayer plant when you go to repot it

(Image credit: Ольга Симонова / iStock / Getty Images Plus / Getty Images)

Once replanted, ensure you care for your new prayer plant divisions properly to keep them healthy.

A prayer plant is happy in good light but not bright sunshine, and it enjoys a temperature of no less than 59°F, says John Negus, a gardening expert. 'Keep the compost damp but not soggy, but reduce watering when it is growing less actively in winter.'

Misting the leaves regularly with lime-free water can also be beneficial, as it will simulate its tropical habitat of Brazil, John adds. We love this colorful plant mister from Terrain.

You can also liquid-feed it weekly during the growing season, John says, using a high-potash tomato fertilizer. Burpee's organic tomato and vegetable granular plant food, available from Amazon, is well-rated.

John Negus
John Negus

John has been a garden journalist for over 50 years and regularly answers readers' questions in Amateur Gardening magazine. He has also written four books and has delivered many talks over the years on horticulture.

When to propagate a prayer plant

As when propagating many other houseplants, prayer plants should be divided during the spring, at the start of their growing season.

prayer plant leaf

These tropical plants like warm temperatures

(Image credit: Crystal Bolin Photography / iStock / Getty Images Plus / Getty Images)


Can you propagate a prayer plant by taking cuttings?

It is possible to propagate prayer plants by taking cuttings in spring, although it is slightly trickier than dividing the plants.

Using a pair of sharp and clean pruners, remove a healthy stem from the plant, cutting below a leaf node. The cutting can then be planted into potting soil.

'Cover the pot with a transparent bag to increase humidity, and poke a couple of holes to allow air circulation,' recommends houseplant expert Vladan Nikolic. 'Place the pot in a location with plenty of bright, indirect light, but avoid direct sunlight to prevent leaf scorching,' he adds. Keep the soil moist. 'After a couple of weeks, your maranta should develop roots. At that point, you can remove the plastic bag.'

Prayer plant cuttings can also be propagated in water. 'Make sure that only the stem is submerged; the leaves shouldn’t touch the water’s surface,' says Vladan. Remember to change the water regularly.

Vladan Nikolic
Vladan Nikolic

Vladan is a houseplant expert with over 10 years of experience. He is the Founder of the houseplant care blog and is also an influencer who helps newcomers into the houseplant world become great plant parents. You can find him on Instagram, TikTok, Youtube, Facebook, Twitter and Pinterest.

Once you see how easy it is to propagate a prayer plant, you may want to branch out and try propagating your other houseplants, too, such as a monstera or fiddle leaf fig. It's a great way to make a saving and can be incredibly rewarding – just remember to stay clear of the common houseplant propagation mistakes.

Holly Crossley
Contributing Editor

The garden was always a big part of Holly's life growing up, as was the surrounding New Forest where she lived. Her appreciation for the great outdoors has only grown since then; over the years, she's been an allotment keeper, a professional gardener, and a botanical illustrator. Having worked for for two years, Holly now regularly writes about plants and outdoor living for Homes & Gardens.