Gardens

How to grow radishes

A colorful addition to the salad bowl, and quick and easy to grow – here’s how to grow radishes

Bunch of fresh radishes in How to grow radishes
(Image credit: Getty Images)

If you’re wondering how to grow radishes, you’re in the right place. This crunchy, colorful root crop is one of the easiest vegetables to grow and we’ve got some top tips from expert gardeners. 

Radishes add a fresh, peppery note to salads, but did you know you can also roast them along with other root vegetables? Roasting radishes reduces their tongue-biting kick, and the flavor becomes more earthy and mellow. If you’re growing your own, it’s certainly worth a try. 

Radishes are quick to grow and can be ready to eat four weeks after sowing in the perfect conditions. 

See: Kitchen garden ideas – easy ways to get started

How to grow radishes from seed

Radishes in How to grow radishes

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You can sow radish seeds directly into the ground as soon as the soil warms up to aid germination. You can even sow before the earth warms up, by covering your seedbed with fleece or a cloche before sowing. 

1. Break up the earth to a fine tilth, and sow your seeds sparsely in a narrow, shallow drill, following the instructions on the packet for your chosen variety for spacing. 

2. Cover the seeds with a light sprinkling of soil and water them in. 

How long do radishes take to grow? 

Radishes in How to grow radishes

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You should see signs of germination within about 10 days. Once the seedlings are big enough to handle, thin them out to allow 1in/2.5cm between them to allow them space to grow. After around three to four weeks they may be ready to pick.  

Amy Enfield, Horticulturist for Bonnie Plants, says, ‘The red globe type radishes, like cherry belle and French breakfast (a slightly elongated type), are among the quickest growing, from seeding to harvest – usually three weeks or less.’ 

She offers the following advice on planting times: ‘They should be planted in the spring once temperatures are 60-65ºF during the day. They can also be planted again in the fall once temperatures start to cool.’

How do you know when radishes are ready to harvest? 

Radishes in How to grow radishes

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Check the size of your radishes before picking by removing just the top layer of soil around one of the plants in the row. Radishes are ready to harvest once they've grown to about 1in/2.5cm in diameter. 

Don’t leave radishes in the ground once they are ready – they will become tough and woody and the flavor won’t be anywhere near as good as the young plants.

Can you grow radishes in pots?

Radishes in How to grow radishes

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Radishes can be grown in pots of any shape or size. Follow the instructions above on how to grow radishes from seed. The only real difference when you’re growing radishes in pots is that you will need to water them more regularly as containers dry out quicker than the earth in a garden or vegetable plot. 

How do radishes grow best?

Freshly picked radishes in How to grow radish

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Radishes grow best in fine soil, with a regular watering routine to ensure they don’t dry out. They grow quickly and should be picked as soon as they are ready so they aren’t left to grow woody in the ground. 

For this reason they are a good crop to sow with succession planting. This simply means sowing smaller quantities of seeds at a time, perhaps allowing two weeks between each sowing. That way you don’t have a glut harvest because, let’s face it, no one wants to eat mountains of radishes at a time. 

TV gardening expert Monty Don says, ‘Radishes are the perfect quick vegetable, and delicious too.’ In a clip from Gardeners’ World, he demonstrates how radishes can be used to take advantage of a patch you’ve prepared for a slower growing crop – such as sweet peas. He suggests sowing radishes into that soil, and harvesting them before they compete with the sweetpeas. 

See: Small vegetable garden ideas – from layout designs to the best crops to grow

What’s the secret to growing radishes successfully?

bunch of fresh radishes

(Image credit: Getty)

Amy Enfield of Bonnie Plants says there are two big secrets for how to grow radishes successfully: 

1. ‘Keep the soil consistently moist. Radishes don’t like big swings in soil moisture, so water whenever the top inch of soil is dry to the touch. Otherwise they are prone to splitting and cracking. Splitting is especially problematic when there are huge swings between wet and dry in the watering cycles,’ she says. 

2. ‘Thin seedlings once they sprout. Radishes need about 2-3 inches of space to grow. If the plants are overcrowded, they won’t form bulbs and you’ll be stuck with radish greens (which are edible).’

What are the common mistakes when growing radishes?

Leaving them in the ground too long

Amy Enfield is a firm advocate of succession sowing and says: ‘Doing smaller, staggered plantings of radishes will prolong your harvest window and make sure you don’t end up with more radishes than you know what to do with.’

Inconsistent watering 

This will cause the radishes to split and crack. 

Poor conditions

Amy Enfield says, ‘If radishes are planted too late in the spring and the weather gets hot quickly or they are not properly thinned after germination, they may fail to develop bulbs. Overcrowding and hot weather can both make radish seedlings bolt to flower and not set a bulb.’

Karen Darlow
Karen Darlow

I'm the homes editor of Period Living magazine and an experienced writer on interiors and gardens. I've also moved house quite a few times – totting up 10 homes in 12 years during a particularly nomadic time in my life. I like to think that makes me quite the homes expert, or at least very experienced and with a clear idea of what I like and don't like in a home. 

I love visiting and writing about old houses for Homes & Gardens' sister magazine Period Living and working with photographers to capture all kinds of historic properties. It's inspiring to talk to people about their traditional homes and to hear the stories behind their furnishing and decorating choices. And by the time I've finished an interview with a homeowner I've always got a handful of new ideas to try in my own house, as well as plenty of good stories for the magazine. It's the perfect work-life balance.