When does grass seed start to grow? Expert tips on timings and growth rates
Discover how long it takes for grass seed to start growing so you can plan for a gorgeous, lush lawn
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The exact time of year when grass seed starts to grow will vary depending on the local climate, weather, the type of grass seed you have chosen and the time of year you choose to sow it.
Like all seeds, grass seed needs favorable conditions in order to germinate and put out emerging shoots. You also need to be aware of the different growth rates of grasses – some are fast-growing grass seed and will germinate and start growing just a few days after seeding, while others will take a couple of weeks or longer.
So whether you are looking to refresh a tired area of grass or cultivate a home lawn from scratch, planning ahead can make all the difference to the success of your garden project. We put the question of when grass seed starts to grow to a number of leading industry experts for their insights so you can waste no time in perfecting your home lawn.
Expert tips on when grass seed starts to grow
Like all plants, turf grass can be encouraged to germinate when the basic elements are right. 'Generally, seeds need warm, moist conditions with adequate light and nutrients for best germination and growth,' says Zeeshan Haider, founder of greenryenthusiast.com (opens in new tab). Get this combination of factors right, and you can expect to see your new grass sprouting in as little as a week to 10 days for some grass varieties.
Knowing when to plant grass seed to give it the best chance of growing well is key. Early fall and mid-to-late spring are the ideal times of year to sow grass seed in most regions. This is because in fall it will have time to germinate and put out strong roots before any cold weather arrives, while in spring the soil has warmed up after winter and the grass seed has chance to grow before the really hot, dry weather arrives. Be warned, however, that sowing too early in spring if there is the risk of late frosts in your zone can halt germination. Certain types of grass seed can struggle after frost, meaning it will take longer for your lawn to grow.
The type of grass seed you use for your new lawn will also have an impact on when it starts to grow. Grass seed is essentially divided into two categories – cool and warm season grasses. By finding out which thrives in your area, you will be able to grow a verdant lawn in no time.
‘Cool-season grasses thrive in cooler climates with moderate rainfall while warm-season species prefer hotter temperatures with more rain or irrigation,’ says Chad Chapman, owner of Brookfield Lawn Care.
‘Warm season grasses tend to be fast growers; typically sprouting within 7-14 days after planting, depending on temperature and rainfall,' adds Chad. 'While cool season grass seeds such as fescue and rye can tolerate colder temperatures better than their warm season counterparts, so they can take longer to sprout, which can range from 14-21 days post installation.’
Both cool season and warm season grass seed is readily available from both Amazon (opens in new tab) and Walmart (opens in new tab).
The ideal conditions for grass seed to grow
As well as getting the timing right, there are four primary considerations when planting grass seed if you want to transform seed into a lush healthy lawn. 'These are soil, temperature, sun, and foot traffic,' says Denis McCausland, landscaper and owner of Green Mountain Landscapers (opens in new tab).
Consistency in ground temperature is a key trigger for successful germination, whether you're overseeding a lawn or starting a new one from scratch.
‘Cool-season turf grass seeds germinate best when soil temperatures are consistently around 70˚F, and they have adequate soil moisture,' says Josh Moser, general manager of Green Giant Home & Commercial. 'Seeding is typically performed in September in the northern states but may vary depending on your specific climate and region. This helps to avoid early freeze damage, which can occur when seeding is done late in the growing season.’
What are the average germination times for grasses?
Grass seed germination periods largely depend on key growing conditions which include average soil temperature, moisture, natural light levels and soil type. Average growth times also vary depending on seed variety, but generally speaking they are as below:
Germination rates for cool season grasses
- Kentucky Bluegrass: typically 14-30 days
- Bentgrass: 10-14 days
- Ryegrass: seeds usually grow in 7-14 days
- Fescue: around 14-28 days
Germination rates for warm season grasses
- Bermuda grass: around 10-14 days
- Zoysia grass: an average of 21 days
- St. Augustine: around 7-14 days
- Buffalo: from 7 days, if conditions are optimum
How can I make grass seed germinate faster?
There are a few key points to remember if you want your grass seed to start growing as quickly as possible after you've sown it.
- Choose the best grass seed for the location.
- Prepare the area by raking the soil to loosen it, removing stones and weeds.
- Apply a pre-seeding fertilizer and water the soil.
- Apply seeds evenly over the area, press them down and keep the soil moist.
- Avoid walking on newly planted grass seed as this can impede its germination and growth rate.
- Apply a fertilizer after sowing if you haven't beforehand. Feed the emerging grass by fertilizing the lawn about every month to help make your lawn green and thick.
Jill Morgan has spent the last 20 years writing for Interior and Gardening magazines both in print and online. Titles she has been lucky enough to work on include House Beautiful, The English
Home, Ideal Home, Modern Gardens and Gardeningetc.com. Although much of her career has involved commissioning and writing about reader homes and home improvement projects, her
everlasting passion is for gardens and outdoor living, which is what she writes about for Homes & Gardens.
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