The Coronation Chair: The 700-year-old artifact that will play a crucial role in this weekend's ceremony

Once the oldest piece of furniture in England, the Coronation Chair plays host to one of the most significant moments of the historic ceremony

(Image credit: GettyImages)

Upon hearing of the coronation, a few historical traditions may come to mind. From Westminster Abbey to the Crown Jewels – the ceremony is a trove of symbolism and power – but perhaps nothing represents this prestige quite like the Coronation Chair. 

Once the oldest – and arguably the most famous piece of furniture in England – the 700-year-old artifact has served as the seat for 38 monarchs during their crowning – and King Charles will take his seat there on 6 May. 

The chair, known historically as St Edward's Chair or King Edward's Chair, was commissioned by King Edward I, who wanted a chair to enclose the famous Stone of Scone that he carried from Scotland to Westminster Abbey in the year 1296. Designers completed the gilded oak chair in 1300 when it was painted by Master Walter and decorated with patterns of birds, foliage, and animals on a gilt ground.


(Image credit: GettyImages)

Throughout the centuries, restorers have worked to preserve the original details, however, not everything has survived. The four gilt lions (seen in detail above) were added in 1727 to replace the originals (which were themselves not added until the early 16th century). 

Information taken from Westminster Abbey adds that The Stone was originally completely enclosed under the seat – but over the centuries, the wooden decoration had been torn away from the front.

Is the Coronation Chair still used?

In coronation ceremonies, including King Charles' celebration this weekend, the chair stands facing Westminster's High Altar, alongside the Stone of Scone. It has played a significant part in the coronation ceremony since 1308. Historians note that opinion is divided as to when it was actually used for Edward II's crowning. However, it was undoubtedly the case from 1399 when Henry IV was crowned in the Chair.


(Image credit: GettyImages)

Where is Coronation Chair kept?

On May 6th, we will see the Coronation Chair in Westminster Abbey; however, when it is not in use, it is kept in St George's Chapel in Windsor Castle – the famous royal residence around 22 miles away from Westminster. 

Though the chair was originally designed to house the Stone of Scone, it has sat empty since 1996, when the British Prime Minister (John Major) announced that the stone would be returned to Scotland. The stone is now held in Edinburgh Castle, however, it will return to Westminster Abbey for the coronation ceremony. 

The Coronation Chair and Stone of Scone

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This book explores the deep significance of the Coronation Chair and Stone of Scone – looking at its history, archaeology, and conservation, and presents a factual account of its history. 

Megan Slack
News Editor

Megan is the News and Trends Editor at Homes & Gardens. She first joined Future Plc as a News Writer across their interiors titles, including Livingetc and Real Homes. As the News Editor, she often focuses on emerging microtrends, sleep and wellbeing stories, and celebrity-focused pieces. Before joining Future, Megan worked as a News Explainer at The Telegraph, following her MA in International Journalism at the University of Leeds. During her BA in English Literature and Creative Writing, she gained writing experience in the US while studying in New York. Megan also focused on travel writing during her time living in Paris, where she produced content for a French travel site. She currently lives in London with her antique typewriter and an expansive collection of houseplants.