Not all homes have room for a spacious kitchen but small can most definitely be beautiful and a dream to use if you are clever with the layout. A good designer will be able to work wonders with a compact footprint, especially one who is city-based designer and used to the challenge.
Be clear about your priorities. Are you a keen cook who needs versatile appliances and plenty of storage? Or perhaps it is more of a social space and you would like to squeeze in a seating area.
Paring back on pans and utensils before you start will help find a place for everything, resulting in clutter-free useable workspace. And do make the most of wall space for magnetic knife holders, spice racks and utensils. Employ every clever little trick you can think of to get the most out of every inch of space.
Where do I start?
Start the layout with the essentials of hob, refrigerator and sink, ensuring there is usable prep space next to each.
The golden rule for small kitchens is to use as much height as possible without crowding out the space.
Tall cupboards housing pantry, refrigerator and built-in oven are efficient but only if that doesn’t gobble up all useable counter space – this is where wall cupboards and open shelving can win.
With any kitchen you need to consider lighting, power and ventilation at the planning stage and be aware that drainage can impinge on where features can go. Do your homework around extraction.
Hobs with built-in extraction look efficient on the surface but the ducting will take up precious under-counter space; conventional models that duct up through a wall cupboard may be a better choice for a smaller room.
Where should I put my kitchen appliances?
Look at a good range of sizes of appliances and strike the balance between what you think you need and what will actually fit.
A single oven is quite often enough – team it with a compact built-in microwave if you know you really do need both and build into a tall unit giving storage space for pots and pans above and below.
An induction hob gives a flat surface that can double as prep and it boils a stove top kettle quickly so no need for an electric one taking up counter space.
Don’t settle for a small built-under fridge if you know you need bigger. ‘Steal’ space just outside the room if that works. The joy of a compact home is most things are usually close enough.
How do I design a new kitchen layout?
A small space may have limited options in terms of layout but do look at them all – don’t assume you have to go with the first design offered or similar to what is already there.
‘Galley kitchens make efficient use of a small space,’ says Graham Barnard of Matrix Kitchens. ‘Tall units are hard to avoid for fridge freezers and the convenience of eye level ovens, but they can be imposing so I tend to place these first.'
'Wall units,' continues Graham, 'can cramp the space but the trend for glass-fronted wall units lighten the look; being able to see beyond the solid front of a regular wall unit will make all the difference.’
While it’s tempting to shoe-horn in storage, keep in mind that this needs to be a safe and comfortable space to work in. Factor in enough clearance space for doors and drawers (600-800mm) and ensure a safe entry/exit point away from the hob and oven.
‘In a very small galley kitchen, a great way to save space is to fit pocket doors at the entrance. These doors slide into the wall, meaning you don’t have to worry about a full, traditional door obscuring any cabinetry,’ says Tom Howley, Design Director at Tom Howley.
How should I tackle storage in a small kitchen?
Drawers offer more accessible storage than cupboards. Place them following your work flow, so pans are close to the cook zone, chinaware and cutlery close to the exit point.
This gives room for two cooks to work together without criss-crossing and getting in one another’s way.
As well as drawers, look to internal fittings and racks in all cupboards, especially corner cupboards.
‘Fit deep cabinetry and pull-out drawers or a cage system for a multi-layered, discrete and effective storage system,’ adds Tom Howley.
A slim pull-out larder unit can store a surprising amount with everything easily accessible.
If your room has high ceilings, go upwards with high cupboards for storing lesser-used items. And view every opportunity as potential storage.
Room for a small bench? Make it fitted with storage below.
Keeping worktops clutter-free will not only give more usable surface, it gives the illusion of space too, so make use of open shelving and wall racks for things you like to keep to hand.
‘Paint shelving in the same colour as the walls so that they seemingly disappear,’ say the team at deVOL. ‘And consider clever solutions like wall-mounted magnetic knife strips, rails to hang utensils, pans, mugs, spice jars and cutlery bins.'
'Think about what you need to have to hand every day, such as chopping boards, wooden spoons, washing-up liquid, and what can be stored away until needed.’
How do I find more space in a small kitchen?
Where space is tight, bespoke cabinetry really will make the most of every inch and include lots of nooks and crannies tailor-made for the things you own.
If it is beyond your budget, look for a kitchen company with a wide range of unit sizes as this will give the most functional cabinetry with least fillers.
A slimline dishwasher can be a busy cook’s best friend, and be creative with your hob.
A two-pan induction hob plus wok-burner might give you all the cooking capability you need in a standard 60x60cm format. This kitchen has a hidden induction hob – a section of worktop lifts up to create its own splashback.