There are few flowers as exquisitely fragrant as lilies, and they look stunning when cut in a vase. So they were a go-to choice for celebrity gardener Monty Don when creating a scented area in his own garden at Longmeadow. Follow his essential advice on planting lilies to enjoy these heavenly blooms this summer.
See: Backyard ideas – decor inspiration for outdoor spaces
‘I think it is essential to garden for all the senses, and although everyone loves a delicious fragrance, most of us don’t plant specifically for scent quite enough – exclusively plants that give the best fragrance for as long as possible throughout the year. Make a start by planting lilies in pots,’ he says in an episode of BBC Gardener’s World.
Lilies are summer-flowering bulbs, and are best planted in the spring, before the end of April. However, they can also be planted in fall and winter.
In his book, The Complete Gardener, Don explains that lilies can be divided into three main groups:
- Species, such as Lilium Martago, L. Regale and L. Candidum
- Asiatic hybrids – which usually bloom earliest
- North American – mostly Oregon hybrids
‘All lilies have bulbs with open scales like a half-opened artichoke,’ he says.
While lilies can grow quite happily in the ground, Don recommends this is only the best option if you have slightly acidic, loose soil. ‘If you've got alkaline soil it’s probably a good idea to grow scented lilies in pots because they don’t really like alkaline soil,’ he says in his video demonstration.
‘Special compost is not essential because they will grow, but if you can, get either an ericaceous compost or bracken based.’ He also suggests lilies do well in a wool-based compost.
In his video, Don uses a mixture of leaf mould, ‘which I find lilies love’, some proprietary compost, a little bit of wool compost, and some garden compost, all mixed in together.
He warns, however, not to skimp on the container size. ‘You need a nice big pot. You can buy specific lily pots which are splayed outwards.’ Invest in a 1.5 gallon pot or bigger, for three bulbs, to ensure abundant flowering.
As drainage is so important, Don puts a broken piece of terracotta into the bottom of his container, before filling it with compost. He then plants the bulbs 4-6 inches deep.
After planting lilies, put the pot outside 'somewhere vaguely sheltered where it doesn’t need feeding, shouldn't need watering – rain will do the job – until it starts to grow,' says Don.
When the lily reaches about a foot in height, put it into position. 'It will start to flower towards the middle of June and give me six weeks or so of glory,' he says.
Most lilies grow best in full sun, in loose, well-drained soil. Once in flower, feed lilies fortnightly with tomato feed.
You should deadhead spent blooms, but the foliage should be left to die back naturally after flowering.
After a few years, lilies will begin to form clumps, so you will need to divide the bulbs and propagate them.
Best lily to grow
Monty Don's lily of choice for containers is Lilium Regale (above) – ‘One of the most popular lilies of all because not only has it got these beautiful white flowers flush with a bit of pink, but also the fragrance is exquisite,’ he says.
See: How to plant roses – an essential guide
‘If being a gloriously beautiful flower and having one of the best fragrances in the whole of the floral encyclopedia wasn’t reason enough to grow Lilium Regale, the fact that it’s pretty resistant to lily beetle should clinch it.’
Lily beetle and its larvae will eat the leaves of lilies, spoiling their appearance and potentially resulting in undersized bulbs that can stunt flowering.
As editor of Period Living, Britain's best-selling period homes magazine, I love the charm of older properties. I live in a rural village just outside the Cotswolds, so am lucky to be surrounded by beautiful homes and countryside, where I enjoy exploring. I am passionate about characterful interiors and heritage-inspired designs, but I am equally fascinated by a house's architectural elements – if I spot an elegant original sash window or intricate stained-glass front door, it fills my heart with joy. It's so important to me that original features are maintained and preserved for future generations to enjoy. My other passion is my garden, and I am slowly building up my planting knowledge, and becoming more confident at experimenting with growing my own. As well as editing Period Living, I am also co-editing the Country Channel of Homes & Gardens. In my previous roles, I have worked on Real Homes and Homebuilding & Renovating, wiriting about modern design and architecture, so my experience is broad – but my heart belongs to period homes.
What should you never do when staging a house?
A professional home stager names the things you must not do when staging a home
By Anna Cottrell •
Blue dining room ideas – 12 beautiful ways to decorate with this soothing color scheme
These blue dining room ideas are perfect for a cool and sophisticated look
By Nicky Morris •
How to prune wisteria – and the best time to do it
Learn how to prune wisteria for a healthier plant with maximum blooms
By Melanie Griffiths •
How to prune clematis – everything you need to know for beautiful blooms
Discover how to prune clematis to ensure a beautiful flush of blooms every year
By Holly Reaney •
How to prune azaleas – and when to leave them alone
Find out when and how to prune azaleas to enjoy the best from these colorful flowering shrubs
By Rachel Crow •
How to prune a lemon tree
Learn how to prune a lemon tree to maximize fruit production and keep the plant in good shape
By Melanie Griffiths •
How to prune basil – and the best time to do it
Find out how to prune basil plants the right way for healthy, bushy plants that last longer
By Rachel Crow •
How to prune raspberries
Learn how to prune summer and autumn fruiting raspberries to ensure a bumper crop
By Pippa Blenkinsop •
How to prune lilac
Discover how to prune lilac to keep it look great and flowering every year
By Holly Reaney •
How to prune an apple tree – and when to do it
Keep apple trees in great shape to improve your harvest. Find out how to prune an apple tree with advice from experts
By Karen Darlow •