How to plan kitchen lighting – create a scheme in sync with your routine

Get expert advice on how to plan kitchen lighting to create a scheme that's clever, good-looking and hard working

How to plan kitchen lighting
(Image credit: Caesarstone)

It is important to start thinking about how to plan kitchen lighting as early as possible in your kitchen design process. The kitchen is the ultimate multi-tasking room in the home – a space to prepare food, entertain, and work from home. The right kitchen lighting layout should allow the kitchen to flow seamlessly through each of these roles.

A good kitchen lighting scheme will offer different levels of brightness and be able to alter the mood and feel of the room. It can make a space feel larger or cozier with a combination of well-placed task and mood lighting.

See: Kitchen lighting ideas – to set the scene for cooking, eating and entertaining

'Lighting is an extremely important element of a kitchen's design,' explains Daniel Bowler, Director of Eggersmann UK. 'Yet it is often something that gets left until last. Including it as part of the early planning process if you are redesigning your kitchen will give a much more effective result.'

How do you design a kitchen lighting layout?

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(Image credit: Harvey Jones)

To plan a kitchen lighting layout, you need to ensure it includes three types of lighting: task, accent and ambient. 

Task lighting is the brightest and used to illuminate work areas, while ambient, or accent is softer. Accent lighting, also sometimes called feature lighting, refers to the visual interest it adds to a kitchen, either through the fitting itself or the light it emits.

When planning kitchen lighting, always start with task lighting. 'The first thing to consider is where in the kitchen needs to be particularly well lit,' explains Daniel Bowler. Most working areas such as countertops and the cooker will need to be fitted with functional task lighting.

After establishing this foundation, think about how you want the kitchen to look when you are not cooking. When planning your ambient lighting consider how much natural light there is in the kitchen, and the mood you want to create. For multi-functional kitchens, it is worth considering dimmer switches to alter the brightness.

Finally, add another layer of visual interest to your lighting scheme with accent lighting. Accent lighting guides the eye, so consider any areas of the kitchen decor you would like to highlight.

What type of lighting is best for kitchens?

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(Image credit: Life Kitchens)

Task lighting is an essential part of any kitchen, commonly integrated into wall cabinets or above working areas. There are lots of variations of task lighting to choose from. 

Small, compact fluorescents can be slipped into the recess in the bottom of an overhead unit. 

LED lighting can be fitted under cabinets or in drawers and pantry units. Ceiling mounted lights with directional spots or pendant lights will also work as long as they create a focused beam of light.

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(Image credit: Harvey Jones)

Ambient lighting needs to give off a soft diffused glow. This can be achieved with a ceiling-mounted lighting fixture, recessed lights, wall lights or washers.

Recessed lights, flush mounts and semi-flush mount ceiling lights will work well in small kitchens because they don't take up to much room. High ceilings will benefit from uplighters on top of the kitchen cabinets to enhance the general light.

'To create a warm atmosphere in the evening, choose lights that can be transitioned from cool to warm,' recommends Graeme Smith, Head of Retail and Commercial Design at Life Kitchens. 'Offering versatility, the adjustable tone means that it can be cool when cooking and warm when dining or entertaining.'

kitchen with wall lights - how to plan kitchen lighting

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Accent lighting can come in many different forms. It can refer to a statement floor lamp used to illuminate a corner of the kitchen, or LEDs built into the plinth of a central island to make it appear as if it is floating. It can also be used as backlighting to add to the aesthetic of the kitchen.

How do you calculate kitchen lighting?

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(Image credit: Davide Lovati)

To calculate kitchen lighting overall, you need to talk in terms of 'lumens'. Lumens refer to brightness levels. How bright your kitchen lights need to be will depend on what you are using your kitchen for and how many lights you have.

To work this out, multiply the kitchen floor area in square feet by the foot-candle (light intensity) needed. So if your kitchen is 100 square feet, which will need between 10 and 20 foot-candles, you will need 1,000 to 2,000 lumens. Bulbs deliver a certain number of lumens, so you can work out how many bulbs you need by dividing the number of lumens by the number of lumens each bulb delivers. 

Happily, a good lighting designer – or experienced interior designer or builder – will be able to advise. you on what you need.

'If you have one light, then you need it to be as bright as possible, but again, dimmable,' explains Niki. 'If you plan your kitchen with various forms of lighting all around, it will be bright enough to work in.'

Where should kitchen lights be placed?

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(Image credit: Life Kitchens)

Think about the purpose the light is serving when choosing where to position it in a kitchen. 

Task lighting needs to cast light over a countertop, unimpeded – which means that it needs to be positioned to hit the back/center part of the countertop, so that when you are bending or leaning forwards over it – perhaps chopping, mixing or stirring – your shadow is not cast over what you are prepping, but just in front of it, meaning that it is illuminated perfectly.

'Make sure you position spotlights or pendants directly above key areas to ensure the light isn't blocked when you stand at the sink, hob or worktop,' explains Melissa Klink, Head of Design at Harvey Jones.

Accent lighting should be installed around any decor or architectural details you'd like to accentuate. Position the light one to two inches from the back of a shelf to create a backlit effect.

Where you position ambient lighting will depend on the light fitting you have chosen. Flush or semi-flush fittings will usually sit over the kitchen island, or in the center of the ceiling if you don't have one.

However, recessed lights need to be spaced out across the ceiling and set a few inches back from the front edge of countertops to avoid casting a shadow.

How should I light a kitchen island?

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(Image credit: Davide Lovati)

A row of matching statement pendants are a clever way to light a kitchen island. They create an eye-catching feature that will also provide practical task lighting.

However, Niki Wright, lighting design expert and founder of Lights & Lamps suggest getting more creative. 

'Think about what a kitchen island is used for. Is it purely prep and cooking or is it used as a dining and social space?' he asks. 'A combination of dimmable recessed downlights alongside a more decorative pendant or even a chandelier can really change the whole feeling of the area.'

See: Kitchen island lighting ideas – how to light up this prime spot for inspiration

Are LED lights good for a kitchen?

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LED lights are perfect for a kitchen – more eco-friendly than other types of lighting, they give off little heat and can create a natural daylight feel. 

Cool white LED lights are best suited for the kitchen whether you are using them for task, accent or ambient lighting. To help you pick the correct color, check the Kelvins, a bright or cool white will usually be 4100 Kelvin.

See: Modern kitchen lighting ideas – ways with spotlights, pendants, LEDs and more

'In a kitchen, you do not really want to go below 3,000 Kelvins as the light becomes too yellow,' explains Niki. 'But make it dimmable and you can create the right ambience for when the cooking turns to eating.'