How to plan kitchen lighting – create a scheme in sync with your routine

Industry experts share advice on how to create a clever and hard working lighting scheme

When designing a kitchen it is important to start thinking early about how to plan kitchen lighting. The kitchen is the ultimate multi-tasking room in the home – a space to prepare food, entertain, and work from home. The right lighting should allow the kitchen to flow seamlessly through each of these roles.

A good lighting scheme will offer different levels of brightness and be able to alter the mood and feel of the room. It can make a space feel larger or cosier with a combination of well-placed task and mood lighting

'Lighting is an extremely important element of a kitchen's design,' explains Daniel Bowler, Director of Eggersmann UK. 'Yet it is often something that gets left until last. Including it as part of the early planning process if you are redesigning your kitchen will give a much more effective result.'

HOW DO I DESIGN A KITCHEN LIGHTING PLAN?

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(Image credit: Harvey Jones)

The most successful kitchen lighting schemes will include three types of lighting: task, accent and ambient. Task lighting is the brightest and used to illuminate work surfaces, while ambient, or mood lighting is softer. Accent lighting, sometimes called feature lighting, refers to the visual interest it adds to a kitchen, either through the fitting itself or the light it emits.

When planning, start with task lighting. 'The first thing to consider is where in the kitchen needs to be particularly well lit,' explains Daniel Bowler. Most working areas such as worktops and the cooker will need to be fitted with functional task lighting.

After establishing this foundation, think about how you want the kitchen to look when you are not cooking. When planning your ambient lighting consider how much natural light there is in the kitchen, and the mood you want to create. For multi-functional kitchens, it is worth considering dimmer switches to alter the brightness.

Finally, add another layer of visual interest to your lighting scheme with accent lighting. Accent lighting guides the eye, so consider any areas of the kitchen decor you would like to highlight.

WHERE SHOULD THE LIGHTS BE PLACED?

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(Image credit: Life Kitchens)

Think about the purpose the light is serving when choosing where to position it in a kitchen. For example, task lighting needs to cast light over a work surface, unimpeded.

'Make sure you position spotlights or pendants directly above key areas to ensure the light isn't blocked when you stand at the sink, hob or worktop,' explains Melissa Klink, Head of Design at Harvey Jones.

Accent lighting should be installed around any decor or architectural details you'd like to accentuate. Position the light one to two inches from the back of a shelf to create a backlit effect.

Where you position ambient lighting will depend on the light fitting you have chosen. Flush or semi-flush fittings will usually sit over the kitchen island, or in the centre of the ceiling if you don't have one.

However, recessed lights need to be spaced out across the ceiling and set a few inches back from the front edge of countertops to avoid casting a shadow.

WHAT TYPES OF LIGHTING ARE GOOD FOR KITCHENS?

TASK LIGHTING

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(Image credit: Life Kitchens)

Task lighting is an essential part of any kitchen, commonly integrated into wall cabinets or above working areas. There are lots of variations of task lighting to choose from. Small, compact fluorescents can be slipped into the recess in the bottom of an overhead unit. LED lighting can be fitted under cabinets or in drawers and pantry units. Ceiling mounted lights with directional spots or pendant lights will also work as long as they create a focused beam of light.

AMBIENT LIGHTING

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(Image credit: Harvey Jones)

Ambient lighting needs to give off a soft diffused glow. This can be achieved with a ceiling-mounted lighting fixture, recessed lights, wall lights or washers.

Recessed lights, flush mounts and semi-flush mount ceiling lights will work well in small kitchens because they don't take up to much room. High ceilings will benefit from uplighters on top of the kitchen cabinets to enhance the general light.

'To create a warm atmosphere in the evening, choose lights that can be transitioned from cool to warm,' recommends Graeme Smith, Head of Retail and Commercial Design at Life Kitchens. 'Offering versatility, the adjustable tone means that it can be cool when cooking and warm when dining or entertaining.'

ACCENT LIGHTING

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(Image credit: Life Kitchens)

Accent lighting can come in many different forms. It can refer to a statement floor lamp used to illuminate a corner of the kitchen, or LED's built into the plinth of a central island to make it appear as if it is floating. It can also be used as backlighting to add to the aesthetic of the kitchen.

How should I light a kitchen island?

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(Image credit: Davide Lovati)

A row of matching statement pendants are a clever way to light a kitchen island. They create an eye-catching feature that will also provide practical task lighting.

However, Niki Wright, lighting design expert and founder of Lights & Lamps suggest getting more creative. 'Think about what a kitchen island is used for. Is it purely prep and cooking or is it used as a dining and social space?' he asks. 'A combination of dimmable recessed downlights alongside a more decorative pendant or even a chandelier can really change the whole feeling of the area.'

HOW MANY LUMENS SHOULD A KITCHEN LIGHT HAVE?

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(Image credit: Davide Lovati)

When we are talking about lumens, we are referencing brightness levels. How bright your kitchen lights need to be will depend on what you are using your kitchen for and how many lights you have.

'If you have one light, then you need it to be as bright as possible, but again, dimmable,' explains Niki. 'If you plan your kitchen with various forms of lighting all around, it will be bright enough to work in.'

WHAT COLOR LED LIGHTS ARE BEST FOR KITCHENS?

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(Image credit: Future Plc)

Cool white LED lights are best suited for the Kitchen whether you are using them for task, accent or ambient lighting. To help you pick the correct colour check the Kelvins, a bright or cool white will usually be 4100 Kelvin.

'In a kitchen, you do not really want to go below 3,000 Kelvin as the light becomes too yellow,' explains Niki. 'But make it dimmable and you can create the right ambience for when the cooking turns to eating.'