Sensory gardens are intimate outdoor spaces filled with enticing sounds, scents and textures, designed to delight. All gardens provide sensory experiences – but one designed with sensory as its heart – will have a concentration of different experiences that stimulate the five basic senses of sight, sound, touch, smell and taste.
These gardens are sometimes stimulating, sometimes calming, and offer tangible, visceral experiences that can evoke emotions and aid relaxation.
The sensation of having the senses tantalised can have a number of positive reactions – from being calming and therapeutic to provide enriching and educational experiences. While sensory gardens are for everyone, they are particularly beneficial to children, and those who are disabled or suffering with mental health problems.
1. Pick the top plants for a sensory garden
Aromatherapist Nicolle Mitchell believes herbs can have real effects on the body and mind when their scents are inhaled. For example, she says, rosemary can ease fatigue and help you focus; and lavender can help induce sleep and ease depression.
- See: Small garden ideas – clever designs for maximizing a compact gardening space
2. Use scent to relive stress
Kathi Keville, author of The Aromatherapy Garden, describes the scientific case for the relaxing, stress-relieving scents of herbs including chamomile and marjoram; the stimulating aromas of basil, peppermint and sage; and the surprising passion-invoking properties of liquorice-scented plants, among others.
3. Consider the seasons when planting for a sensory experience
There are plenty of other fragrant plants to consider apart from herbs, however. Catherine Cutler, who created the Perfume Garden at The Eden Project in Cornwall, recommends thinking about the seasons and including something for every time of year. 'Some of the best scents come in winter,' she explains, 'such as the shrub daphne 'Jacqueline Postill'. For flower scent, try sweet peas, roses and jasmine, and pinks, which are remarkably sturdy and produce a wonderful, heady, clove-like scent,' she continues.
- For more garden ideas, see: Garden decorating ideas – ways to get the best from your outdoor space
4. Plant fragrant flowers
'For larger gardens, my top choice is Cercidiphyllum japonicum (katsura tree), which gives off an incredible candyfloss scent in autumn,' says Catherine Cutler. 'Other great plants for a perfume garden include mock orange, a shrub with strongly fragrant flowers, and fun, more unusual herbs such as apple mint, pineapple sage and curry plant.
The RHS recommends chameleon plant, Houttuynia cordata ‘Chameleon’, a shrub whose leaves smell of lemon; and chocolate cosmos, which has a vanilla scent that children adore.'
5. Introduce a sensory space in a small garden
There is no need for acres of land to make a garden that will appeal to all the senses and promote health and happiness; a scented hanging basket, a collection of tactile plants in containers, or a simple herb-edged pathway are just as capable of providing you with invigorating experiences.
- See: Garden wall ideas – create a boundary or define a space with a vertical structure
6. Be at one with the wind
To encourage people to explore your sensory garden with their hands, place trees within reach of paths and seats so the bark can be easily stroked. Some plants simply beg to be touched, such as Stachys byzantine (lamb’s ears), the leaves of which are soft like felt.
7. Make it visually pleasing
For visual interest, use different textured path surfaces, introducing pattern with decking or paving and gravel; and consider sight-driven elements like flags, sculpture or topiary. Encourage wildlife with feeders for birds and nectar-rich plants for butterflies.
- Keep out of the shade with our favorite shade garden ideas advice
8. Enhance with color
When it comes to color, it is generally believed that 'hot’ colors such as red and orange are stimulating, while greens and blues are calming, so aim to zone different areas with this in mind.
9. Invite night-friendly focal points
If the garden is going to be used in the evening, you can add mesmerising lighting effects. Consider a fire pit too, and use plants such as four o’clocks and night-scented stock, which come into their own as the sun goes down.
- Want to create the ultimate zen garden? Our Japanese garden ideas will provide the know-how
10. Invest in a pond or water feature
Water trickling or gently flowing is the soundtrack to a relaxing summer – and, a wonderful addition to a sensory garden. A water feature, such as a small fountain or spout, encourages people to dip their hands or feet in, and children to splash and play.
11. Enhance sound and texture
Incorporate plenty of gravel paths to encourage movement from one area to another to create a pleasant crunchy sound underfoot – you could even opt for colored stones to add further stimulation.
- See: Sloping garden ideas – simple landscaping tips for a tricky space
What should a sensory garden include?
Many sensory gardens are just walks or pathways, with low scented plants such as herbs in between stepping stones. A winding route works well as it invites you to slow down and look around. Another excellent sensory design is a keyhole garden, with a narrow entry opening into a larger space where you can rest while immersed in planting. Whatever the design, include comfortable seating in the shade.
Choose landscaping materials with a tactile element, such as smooth pebbles. A water feature such as a small fountain or spout encourages people to dip their hands or feet in, and children to splash and play.
For sound, investigate wind sculptures and sound fences – rows of tubes that make a melody when a stick is dragged along them – or deer scarers, the tip-tapping water features from Asia.
What plants are good for a sensory garden?
For a calming natural soundscape, plant bamboo, trees like weeping birch and ornamental grasses such as Briza maxima and miscanthus, to enjoy their leaves rustling in the breeze.
Scent is one of the most vivid senses, which can improve mood and trigger memories and strong feelings. To capture these benefits, use fragrant plants, but plant them at intervals so the different scents will not be overwhelming. For taste, add pick and eat possibilities with pots of strawberries or stepover apple trees.
How do you make a small sensory garden?
If you want to create a small or DIY sensory garden, then it is best to plan zones that concentrate on different senses. You could create a listening corner by placing a seat next to a soothing water feature, accompanied by the gentle buzz of insects. Or plant a raised bed or containers with herbs, allowing easy access to rub or sniff their aromatic leaves and flowers. To activate the sensory of touch, think about textures underfoot, from cool grass to crunchy gravel.
But if you only have room for a couple of pots, then your best option is scented pelargoniums, the leaves of which release aromas of lemon or rose when rubbed. And make sure there are no toxic, thorny or irritant plants – the Royal Horticultural Society has a list on its website.
Best ride-on lawn mowers: 7 top tries worth the investment
From zero-turn to electric, here are the 7 best ride-on lawn mowers money can buy
By Brittany Romano •
Country kitchen ideas – get the rustic look with our ultimate inspiration gallery
Rural dwellers and city slickers alike can take inspiration from our country kitchen ideas, incorporating everything from architecture and cabinets to handles and backsplashes
By Ysanne Brooks •