How to tile a wall – for professional-style results

Follow our step-by-step guide for the lowdown on how to tile a wall yourself

tiles in a bathroom with mirror and basin
(Image credit: Fired Earth)

Find out how to tile a wall and you can transform the room with color, pattern, or a fabulous layout.

They’re a super practical surface for the walls of the room, but bathroom wall tile ideas and kitchen wall tile ideas also offer rich design opportunities to make this a beautiful space as well as one that’s easy to clean and keep hygienic.

Tiling is a job you can take on yourself as an alternative to calling in a pro if that’s your preference, and these steps will lead you through the process. We’ve also asked the experts to contribute their advice for getting the best finish.

How to tile a wall

Before tiling you need to ensure that your walls are smooth, waterproof and strong enough to support your chosen tiles.

‘If your surface is uneven you can overboard it with a tile backer board which will provide an even surface to make fitting much easier,’ explains Amanda Telford of CTD Tiles (opens in new tab) . ‘Whatever surface you are tiling on to needs to be load bearing and able to hold the weight of the tiles, adhesive and grout combined.'

You will need:

  • Metal ruler
  • Tile scourer
  • Tile nipper 
  • Fine sandpaper
  • Grout float
  • Grout finishing tool
  • Bucket
  • Drill with a mixing paddle attachment 
  • Tile adhesive spreader
  • Pencil
  • Tape measure
  • 5mm floor tile spacer
  • Long carpenter‘s level
  • Sponge 
  • Timber batten
  • Fixings

1. Prepare a wall for tiling

It’s very important to have the right surface for tiling. ‘Any existing painted wallboard (sheetrock) needs to be removed as a painted surface is not suitable for tile installation,’ explains Carol Butsko, a vice president at Artistic Tile (opens in new tab).

‘Wood-based panels, which includes particleboard, waferboard, or an oriented strand board (OSB) are not suitable either. 

‘There are multiple types of backer boards available: choose the type best suited to the application and tile product.  The backer board will be applied to the studs (wood or metal) according to the manufacturer’s guidelines. TCNA (opens in new tab) (Tile Council of North America) Handbook for Ceramic, Glass, and Stone Tile Installation offers selection guides for various types of tile and installation materials.’ 

2. Mix up the tiles to avoid color discrepancies

Plan how you want tiles to look. Lay them out of the floor, to test out any patterns. Avoid any stark color discrepancies by mixing tiles from several boxes, this will help achieve a blend of color, texture and pattern.

3. Work out your starting point

Make a tile gauge using a wooden batten. Place it on the floor next to a row of tiles, with spacers in between and mark each tile on the wooden batten.

Measuring the wall horizontally find the midpoint and align the first line on the tile gauge with it. Move the gauge to the left mark by mark, until the wooden batten is close to the corner of the wall. Mark on the wall where the last tile would end, and using a carpenter’s level, draw a line to the ceiling.

Repeat the entire process again vertically, before screwing wooden battens into place over the lines – your starting point is the corner where the battens meet.

4. Lay the full tiles

From your starting point, use a notched spreader to cover part of the wall in adhesive. Apply the tile firmly with a slight twisting action. Repeat with the rest of the tiles, inserting spacers between each one.

Use the wooden batten and capenter’s level to ensure the tiles are straight and level. When the adhesive has completely dried remove the wooden battens.

5. Cut and lay the remaining tiles

Measure the gap between the last full tile and the wall. Accounting for the spacer, mark the measurement on a tile and scour a line, before snapping the tile. Repeat for the rest of the tiles.

Starting from the bottom of the main design, lay the cut tiles in the same ways as the full tiles.

6. Grout the tiles

Once the adhesive has completely dried, mix up the grout and use a grout float to work it into the joins between the tiles. For a neat finish, use a grout finishing tool to go over the joins.

Yellow tile backsplash and white countertop

(Image credit: Fired Earth)

How do I plan a wall tile layout?

When it comes to planning a wall tile layout, it's important to do your research.

Wall tiles are available in a whole host of shapes, sizes, colors and finishes, which can be arranged in a number of different ways, so take time to think about the look you’d like to achieve.

There are a range of pattern options. ‘A standard format rectangular field tile offers the ability to create a distinct look depending on the layout,’ says Carol Butsko. ‘Pattern options include straight joint, brick, and herringbone. Each is easily achievable and is more dependent on aesthetic than ability to install.’

Take the size of your room into account, too. Yousef Mansuri, head of design at CP Hart (opens in new tab), explains, ‘If it’s a compact space and it's small bathroom tile ideas you need, we recommend large format tiles. This is because fewer grout lines give the walls more continuity, creating the illusion of a larger space.’

What's the best material for wall tiles?

Porcelain is one of the best materials for bathroom and kitchen walls and is used often for shower tile ideas too. It's a practical tile as it's nearly waterproof, and is suited to the humidity and condensation of a the space.

‘Typically, porcelain tiles are popular for bathroom walls in both small and larger formats. Stylish and in-keeping with so many current bathroom trends, they are also easy to wipe clean and maintain in years to come,’ explains Harriet Goodacre, tile consultant at Topps Tiles (opens in new tab).

‘The technology accessible to porcelain allows designs and patterns not achievable with other materials,’ adds Carol Butsko. 

Other materials you might consider? ‘Natural stone offers a fascinating range of color, veining, and opacity,’ says Carol. ‘With glazed double-fired ceramic, a vibrant range of color is available. Similarly glass offers a variety of colors with a rich translucency.’

Where do you start when tiling a wall?

Before tiling a wall, you need to work out your start point as shown above in the step-by-step. The reason for this is to ensure that as many full tiles as possible are used.

When working out the starting point, if the space in the corner is less than half a tile, move the tile gauge half a tile’s width to the right of the center point. This is to allow space for a larger cut tile to be fitted, creating a cleaner finished look. ‘Starting point impacts the end point, so it is important to take this into consideration to achieve the best result,’ notes Carol Butsko. ‘Placement may also require some adjustment for vanities, tubs or other fixtures in the space.’

‘Walls generally lend themselves to being centered, especially the back wall of a shower,’ advises bathroom remodeling contractor in the Seattle area James Upton, of DIYTileGuy (opens in new tab).

‘Otherwise, there is some subjectivity,’ he continues. ‘You may want full tiles to start from the ceiling. You may want to start with a full tile at the bottom. Additionally, some may choose to balance the cuts at the top and bottom. This is a personal choice and depends on the tile size, the area being tiled, and the focal point of the wall.’

How far up the wall should I tile?

It can be difficult to know how far up the wall to tile, but you should ideally tile any areas where water is to avoid splashes. Aside from that practical detail, how far up the wall you tile is a personal preference, though kitchen backsplash ideas tend to be around 24in deep.

‘In walk-in showers, wet rooms or shower rooms, we recommend tiling to the top of the wall,’ suggests Hannah Guilbert of Original Style (opens in new tab). ‘For the rest of the space, tiling at half height is both pleasing on the eye and a good way to ensure your walls are protected from sink, bath and shower splashes.’

Rebecca is the News Editor on Homes and Gardens. She has been working as a homes and interiors journalist for over four years. She first discovered her love of interiors while interning at Harper's Bazaar and Town & Country during my Masters in Magazine Journalism at City, University of London. After graduating she started out as a feature writer for Women's Weekly magazines, before shifting over to online journalism and joining the Ideal Home digital team covering news and features. She is passionate about shopping for well-crafted home decor and sourcing second-hand antique furniture where possible. 


With contributions from